Tendinitis is the inflammation of a tendon, the tissue that connects bone to muscle. Because all these bones and tissues work together in concert to perform most of the intricate physical tasks in our lives, tendinitis can be limiting and should be diagnosed and treated by a Houston hand specialist early for the quickest return to normal, pain-free movement.
- Swelling, pain, or tenderness in the hand, wrist, finger, or thumb.
- Accompanying weakness in the affected area.
Tendinitis is typically caused by strain due to overuse or overextension. Common culprits include the following:
- Sports injuries
- Repetitive movements in a work setting
- Abnormal or poor position of the hands, wrists, or fingers
Arthritis, diabetes, or other health conditions may also lead to bouts of tendinitis.
Hand, wrist, or finger tendinitis can usually be resolved with non-invasive therapy. Common treatments include the following:
- Medicine: anti-inflammatories such as aspirin and NSAIDs help relieve pain and swelling.
- Hot and cold compresses: cold compresses should be used early to reduce the initial swelling and hot compresses after 2-3 days to help with pain and promote healing.
- Splints: a customized splint immobilizes or reduces the range of motion in the affected area to speed up healing.
- Physical therapy: ultrasound and gentle stretching can help relieve pain and promote healing, while strengthening exercises help prevent a relapse.
- Corticosteriod injections: a physician may inject cortisone into the affected tissue to relieve pain and swelling and accelerate healing.